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Sixty-five Nukak Indians have been displaced by armed conflict on their land between right-wing paramilitary groups, left-wing guerrillas and the Colombian army.
The Nukak are an isolated hunter-gatherer group; many of them died from disease before their lands were protected following a Survival campaign in 1997.
About ten percent of the Nukak reserve is occupied by armed groups. Another ten percent is occupied by colonists displaced by the fumigation of their coca crops in Guaviare province. The colonists are now growing coca on the Nukak's land. The nomadic Nukak are experiencing severe disruption to their normal migration patterns.