Stop Brazil’s Genocide

President Bolsonaro has “declared war” on Brazil’s indigenous peoples

President Jair Bolsonaro is trying to turn back the clock on indigenous rights. He wants to strip their autonomy, sell off their territories for logging and mining and “assimilate” them against their wishes.

He once said: “It’s a shame that the Brazilian cavalry hasn’t been as efficient as the Americans, who exterminated the Indians.” Under his administration, an area of Amazon rainforest the size of a soccer pitch is destroyed every minute.

Is the air the President breathes different to the air we breathe?

Reginaldo Apyawa

“We’re not afraid.” Indigenous people protest in Brasília, April 2019
© Sarah Shenker/Survival International

Brazil today is home to around 305 distinct indigenous peoples, including around 100 uncontacted tribes. All of them are now in danger.

Survival International has stood in solidarity with Brazil’s indigenous peoples for 50 years – for their survival, for the protection of some of Earth’s most biodiverse territories, for the health of our planet, and for all humanity.

We are fighting alongside them to defend their lives and lands. You can join the fightback against Brazil’s genocide now.

Watch and share indigenous people’s urgent messages and follow #TribalVoice!

Download our activist pack of key resources you can use to take action.

This is undoubtedly one of the worst moments for indigenous peoples since the military dictatorship.

Beto Marubo

Across Brazil, indigenous peoples are fighting back

© Sarah Shenker/Survival International

APIB, the Association of Indigenous Peoples of Brazil, said: “We have the right to exist. We won’t retreat. We’ll denounce this government around the world.”

Brazil’s indigenous peoples, their supporters and allies, and Survival International are fighting back as the President plots to steal their land, destroy their lives and annihilate them as peoples.

The biggest ever international protest for indigenous rights took place in Bolsonaro’s first month in office, and raising our voices together has already make a difference.

Tribal peoples thwart Bolsonaro’s attempts to dismantle FUNAI


Bolsonaro has tried to cripple FUNAI, Brazil’s indigenous affairs department, and moved to make it easier for agri-business and extractive industries to exploit resources in tribal territories.

On his first day in office:

He moved FUNAI out of the Ministry of Justice and into his newly-created Ministry of Family, Women and Human Rights, where Minister Damares Alves, an evangelical preacher with a history of pursuing anti-indigenous policies, would have much influence over indigenous affairs.
He took the responsibility for demarcating indigenous land away from FUNAI and gave it to the Ministry of Agriculture. The department official in charge of land issues is Nabhan Garcia, who has fought against the demarcations of indigenous territory for decades.

But Bolsonaro failed and these measures were struck down by congress in June 2019.

It was a big victory for indigenous peoples and partners who support the indigenous fight, through the lobbying and activism we’ve done since the beginning of this anti-indigenous government.

Paulo Tupiniquim

© Fabio Nascimento / Mobilização Nacional Indígena

Indigenous peoples prevent the abolishment of Sesai


Bolsonaro’s administration wanted to abolish the indigenous healthcare system, Sesai.

He failed again. Indigenous groups protested in many parts of the country, occupying public buildings and highways in support of Sesai.

Only a week or so after the proposition was first floated, the government backed down and said that the indigenous healthcare system would not be abolished after all.

Indigenous people protest in Maranhão state
© Mídia Índia

Guarani indigenous people protest in Mato Grosso do Sul state
© CIMI

We will resist. If we’re the first people to be attacked, we’ll also be the first to react.

Sonia Guajajara


It’s time to amplify indigenous voices, to speak out and act in solidarity.

We won’t give up until tribal peoples are respected as contemporary societies, in control of their lives and lands, and free to determine their own futures.



Survival has 50 years’ experience of effective campaigning that gets results. Since 1969, in partnership with indigenous peoples, we have run more than 50 successful campaigns in Brazil alone, and hundreds more worldwide.

We’ve stopped loggers, miners, and oil companies from destroying tribal lands, lives and livelihoods. We’ve persuaded governments to recognize indigenous rights. We continue to document and expose the atrocities committed against tribal people and take direct action to stop them. With your help, we can end Bolsonaro’s war on indigenous peoples: For tribes, for nature, for all humanity.