Background briefings

Making Contact


Although most invasions of uncontacted tribes’ lands are prompted by the desire of loggers, oil companies, cattle ranchers and so forth to take the tribes’ lands and resources, governments sometimes try to make contact for their own reasons.

Dams


Dam construction is a menace to tribal peoples across the world. Once-stable river basins become flooded and river beds diverted as governments look for ways to increase electricity output. Local people usually suffer most, being forced off thei...

FUNAI - National Indian Foundation (Brazil)


FUNAI, the National Indian Foundation, is the Brazilian government body that establishes and carries out policies relating to indigenous peoples. FUNAI is responsible for mapping out and protecting lands traditionally inhabited and used by these ...

Perenco - Oil company


Perenco is a Anglo-French company which has a huge oil project in Peru’s northern Amazon. This is an area inhabited by at least two vulnerable uncontacted tribes who may well be destroyed by Perenco’s work there. One of the groups is believed to...

Perupetro - Peruvian national oil firm


Perupetro contracts oil and gas companies to work in Peru. To date, 72% of the Peruvian Amazon has been opened up to companies. Some of these regions are home to vulnerable uncontacted tribes. A loophole in Peruvian law explicitly allows compani...

Petrobras - Brazilian national oil firm


Brazilian state oil company Petrobras has a contract to explore for oil in the south-east of Peru in an area inhabited by the uncontacted Murunahua (or Chitonahua) tribe. This is despite the fact that Brazilian government policy is not to make c...

Petrolifera - Canadian oil firm in Peru


Petrolifera is a Canadian company exploring for oil on land inhabited by uncontacted Cacataibo Indians in Peru. Despite being condemned by a local indigenous organisation, Petrolifera is determined to work in the region. Some seismic tests have ...

Logging


Logging is a highly profitable and destructive business. Many companies and groups supplying the industry are prepared to do whatever it takes to get their hands on wood. This is often at the expense of tribal peoples. Loggers destroy the forest...

Niyamgiri Hills, India


The Niyamgiri Hills form a mountain range in the Eastern Indian state of Orissa. They are home to more than 8,000 of the Dongria Kondh people, whose lifestyle and religion have helped nurture the area’s dense forests and unusually rich wildlife....

Vedanta Resources


Vedanta Resources, a British company, lost a battle to dig an open-pit bauxite mine on Niyamgiri mountain in India. The mine would have destroyed the forests on which the tribal Dongria Kondh people depend and wreck the lives of thousands of othe...

Anil Agarwal - Chairman of Vedanta Resources


Anil Agarwal, Chairman and founder of Vedanta Resources, has worked his way up from scrap-metal dealer to billionaire with a home in London’s Mayfair and another in Mumbai. The tricks to his trade have been to buy cheap second-hand industrial pl...

CO3


CO3 is a London-based ‘corporate social responsibility’ (CSR) consultancy which represents multinational corporations including mining company Vedanta Resources. Survival has called on CO3 to resign its account with Vedanta over the mining company...